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Chemical Name


glycolic acid (C2H4O3)

Compound Descriptions:

Structure Drawing
Formula:C2H4O3
Molecular Weight:76.051 g/mol
Name(s):glycolic acid
Acetic acid, hydroxy-
Hydroxyacetic acid
Glykolsäure
glycollic acid
Hydroxy acetic acid
glyoxylic acid
α-Hydroxyacetic acid
Hydroxyethanoic acid
Hydroxyessigsäure
Glycolsäure
CAS-RN:79-14-1
EINECS:201-180-5 EINECS
Classification:no charge; carboxylic acid; alcohol; 1fragment

European Regulations

1 matching entries in european regulations: ECHA-pre

Derivatives / Analogues

Derivativesalt: Kaliumglykolat 
Derivativesalt: Natriumglykolat 
Derivativesalt: Ammoniumglykolat 
Analogueother chalcogen: mercaptoacetic acid 

Landolt-Börnstein Citations:

Crystallography, Structure and Morphology

 C2 (57 - 213): C2Ba - C2H6 (57 - 135): Vol. III/10A 2:119, p.20III/10a

Magnetic Properties

Mechanical Properties

Spectroscopic Methods

Structure and Molecular Constants

Thermodynamic Properties

 Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Vol. IV/20b 2.2:246IV/20B

References

II/14a
Short: II/14a
Title: Molecular Constants: Diamagnetic Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Dubrulle, A.; Hüttner, W.; Tiemann, E.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/14a
Page: 1-788
Year: 1982
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-11365-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-11365-2
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19966
RefComment: 196 figs., XI
II/19b
Short: II/19b
Title: Molecular Constants: Rotational, Centrifugal Distortion and Related Constants of Diamagnetic Asymmetric Top Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Hüttner, W.; Vogt, J.; Wlodarczak, G.
Editor: Hüttner, W.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/19b
Year: 1992
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-54578-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-54578-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44334
RefComment: XI, 488 pages.
Abstract: Volume II/19 Molecular Constants mostly from Microwave, Molecular Beam and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy is a supplement to the earlier volumes II/4, II/6, and II/14. The slight change in the title reflects current trends in the applications of spectroscopic methods. Together, the four volumes collect all the critically evaluated data published up to 1989/90 on constants of free molecules obtained by classical and modern spectroscopy. Volume II/19 is divided into four parts to record the growing number of investigations, especially in the microwave and millimeter wave regions, where modern techniques like Fourier Transform Microwave Spectroscopy have made new objects of interest such as molecular complexes and clusters accessible to study. Subvolume II/19b contains corresponding data on diamagnetic asymmetric top molecules.
II/19c
Short: II/19c
Title: Molecular Constants: Dipole Moments, Quadrupole Coupling Constants, Hindered Rotation and Magnetic Constants of Diamagnetic Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Hüttner, W.; Tiemann, E.; Vogt, J.; Wlodarczak, G.
Editor: Hüttner, W.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/19c
Year: 1992
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-54893-9
ISBN: 978-3-540-54893-5
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44435
RefComment: 8 figs., XI, 295 pages.
Abstract: Volume II/19 Molecular Constants mostly from Microwave, Molecular Beam and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy is a supplement to the earlier volumes II/4, II/6, and II/14. The slight change in the title reflects current trends in the applications of spectroscopic methods. Together, the four volumes collect all the critically evaluated data published up to 1989/90 on constants of free molecules obtained by classical and modern spectroscopy. Volume II/19 is divided into four parts to record the growing number of investigations, especially in the microwave and millimeter wave regions, where modern techniques like Fourier Transform Microwave Spectroscopy have made new objects of interest such as molecular complexes and clusters accessible to study. Subvolume II/19c contains tables for diamagnetic molecules giving further spectroscopic parameters: quadrupole coupling constants, potential barriers, and data from Stark and Zeeman effect measurements.
II/2
Short: II/2
Title: Magnetic Properties of Coordination and Organometallic Transition Metal Compounds
Author: König, E.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/2
Year: 1966
ISBN: 3-540-03593-1
ISBN: 978-3-540-03593-0
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19948
RefComment: 170 figs., XII, 578 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The data compiled refer to susceptibility measurements (susceptibility, Curie-constants, magnetic moments, transition temperatures) and ESR-measurements (g-factors and other parameters of the applied spin Hamiltonian). In volume II/2 the literature from 1899 up to 1964 has been considered. Volume II/8 supplements volume II/2, taking into account the data on magnetic susceptibilities and ESR parameters published in the p eriod 1964 to 1968. The following subvolumes II/10,II/11, II/12 supplement data up to 1974.
II/25B
Short: II/25B
Title: Structure Data Of Free Polyatomic Molecules: Molecules containing One or Two Carbon Atoms
Author: Graner, G.; Hirota, E.; Iijima, T.; Kuchitsu, K.; Ramsay, D.A.; Vogt, J.; Vogt, N.
Editor: Kuchitsu, K.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/25B
Year: 1999
Keyword: Free Polyatomic Molecules; Carbon Atoms; Molecules
ISBN: 3-540-63645-5
ISBN: 978-3-540-63645-8
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b68834
RefComment: IX, 512 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume II/25 is a supplemented and revised edition of the preceding volumes II/7, II/15, II/21 and II/23 containing up to date information on inorganic and organic polyatomic molecules. All experimental methods for the determination of quantitative structural data of free molecules have been considered: microwave, infrared, Raman, electronic and photoelectron spectroscopy as well as electron diffraction. The data obtained by these methods have been critically evaluated and compiled. They are presented separately for each molecule, together with a schematic figure of the structure and the original literature.
II/6
Short: II/6
Title: Molecular Constants from Microwave, Molecular Beam, and Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Author: Demaison, J.; Hüttner, W.; Starck, B.; Buck, I.; Tischer, R.; Winnewisser, M.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/6
Year: 1974
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-05977-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-05977-6
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19951
RefComment: 153 figs., XIII, 688 pages
III/10a
Short: III/10a
Title: Structure Data of Organic Crystals: C ... C 15
Author: Schudt-Weitz, G.; Strell, I.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/10a
Year: 1985
ISBN: 3-540-07834-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-07834-0
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19984
RefComment: XXII, 634 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The volume includes an alphabetical index of all substances and a separate "ring index" with all cyclic compounds.
III/20a
Short: III/20a
Title: Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data: Nuclei D ... Cl
Author: Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/20a
Year: 1988
Keyword: NQR
ISBN: 3-540-18161-X
ISBN: 978-3-540-18161-3
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b31153
RefComment: IX,677 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy has become a standard method for structural research in molecular and solid state physics as well as for different branches of chemistry. The volumes cover data for more than 8,000 substances in the solid state. Data for free molecules have been published in volumes II/14 and II/15 of the New Series. The tables are arranged according to the atomic number of the elements.
IV/1a
Short: IV/1a
Title: Densities of Liquid Systems: Nonaqueous Systems and Ternary Aqueous Systems
Author: Lacmann, R.; Synowietz, C.
Editor: Schäfer, Kl.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/1a
Year: 1974
ISBN: 3-540-06269-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-06269-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b20003
RefComment: X, 716 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume IV/1 contains information on the densities of liquid systems. It may be considered as a supplement to volume II/1 of the 6th Edition, which contains only a few data on nonaqueous systems. Data are not listed for all systems but primarily for those of greater interest where data for a larger range of concentrations were available.
IV/20B
Short: IV/20B
Title: Vapor Pressure and Antoine Coefficients for Oxygen Containing Organic Compounds
Author: Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.; Hall, K.R.
Editor: Hall, K.R.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/20B
Year: 2000
Keyword: organic compounds; vapor pressure
ISBN: 3-540-64968-9
ISBN: 978-3-540-64968-7
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b71424
RefComment: VII, 320 pages.
EINECS
Short: EINECS
Title: EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances)
Source: Official Journal of the European Communities
Volume: C 146 A (15.06.1990)
Page: 1
Year: 1990
Publish_Date: 1990/06/15

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