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Thallium (Tl)

Compound Descriptions:

Structure Drawing
Formula:Tl
Element System:Tl
Element Names:Thallium
Molecular Weight:204.383 g/mol
Name(s):Thallium
Tl
Ramor
Thallium element
Tl (thallium)
CAS-RN:7440-28-0, 82870-81-3, 113835-49-7
EINECS:231-138-1 EINECS
Classification:no charge; 1fragment

European Regulations

3 matching entries in european regulations: Hazard, GHS, ECHA-pre

Derivatives / Analogues

Derivativestructure similar: Thallium monohydride 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-195 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-196 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-197 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-198 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-199 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-200 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-201 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-202 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-203 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-204 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-205 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-206 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-207 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-208 
Derivativeisotope: Tl-209 

Landolt-Börnstein Citations:

Acoustical and Optical Properties

 Molecular Acoustics: Vol. II/5 2.1.2, p.14II/5
 Molecular Acoustics: Vol. II/5 5.1, p.238II/5
 Molecular Acoustics: Vol. II/5 6.3, p.257II/5

Atomic Defects and Diffusion

 Data: Ti: Vol. III/25 2.4.2, p.282III/25
 Figures for 3: Figs. 42 - 53: Vol. III/26 3, p.197III/26
 The impurity diffusion tables: Aluminum group metals: Vol. III/26 3.2.13, p.156III/26

Crystallography, Structure and Morphology

 Elements: Tables: Se - Zr: Vol. III/14a 2.1, p.42III/14a
 Figures: Elements: Vol. III/14a 6.1, p.404III/14a

Electrical Properties

 Table 2.2. Cell voltages with nonaqueous electrolyte systems: Vol. IV/9a p.149IV/9A
 Table 2.3. Cell voltages with molten salt electrolyte systems: Vol. IV/9a p.177IV/9A
 Table 2.4. Cell voltages with solid state electrolyte systems: Vol. IV/9a p.194IV/9A
 Table 3.1. Electrode potentials of zero charge of metal electrodes in contact with electrolyte solutions: Vol. IV/9a p.223IV/9A
 Table 3.3. Electrode potentials of zero charge of metal electrodes in contact with molten electrolyte salts: Vol. IV/9a p.275IV/9A
 Table 5.1. Exchange current densities and rate constants in aqueous systems: Vol. IV/9a p.330IV/9A
 Table 1.3. Metal electrode potentials in nonaqueous electrolyte systems: Vol. IV/9a p.58IV/9A
 Table 1.1. Metal electrode potentials in aqueous electrolyte systems: Vol. IV/9a p.6IV/9A
 Table 1.6. Potentials of common reference electrodes in aqueous solution: Vol. IV/9a p.75IV/9A
 Table 2.1. Cell voltages with aqueous electrolyte systems: Vol. IV/9a p.81IV/9A
 Elastic constants of second order: Elastic constants s, c: Vol. III/29a 1.2.1. p.16III/29a
 Elastic constants of second order: Table 11. Hexagonal system: Vol. III/29a 1.2.1. p.123III/29a
 Elastic constants of second order: Temperature coefficients Tc: Vol. III/29a 1.2.2. p.250III/29a
 Elastic constants of second order: Temperature coefficients Tc: Vol. III/29a 1.2.2. p.226III/29a
 Elastic constants of second order: Figures: Vol. III/29a 1.3. p.306III/29a
 Elastic constants of second order: Figures: Vol. III/29a 1.3. p.445III/29a

Electronic Properties

 Pure metals: Pure metal resistivities at T = 273.2 K: Vol. III/15A 1.2.1, p.12III/15a
 Pure metal resistivities from T = 10 - 15 K till melting point: Rh - Tl: Vol. III/15A 1.2.2, p.82III/15a
 Pure metal resistivities at low temperatures: Rb - Zr: Vol. III/15A 1.2.4, p.131III/15a
 Electrical resistivity: Size effects in pure metals: Figs. 27 - 66: Vol. III/15A 1.3.1, p.154III/15a
 Electrical resistivity: Size effects in pure metals: Table 1, Figs. 1 - 26: Vol. III/15A 1.3.1, p.144III/15a
 Pressure dependence of the electrical resistance of pure crystalline metals: Data: Mg - Zr: Vol. III/15B 1.6.3, p.42III/15b
 Pressure coefficients of the thermopower of metallic elements: Data: Fe - Zn: Vol. III/15B 3.8.3, p.121III/15b
 Optical constants of pure metals: Figs. 102 - 139: Vol. III/15B 4.3, p.367III/15b
 Thermal conductivity of pure metals: Thermal conductivity at 273 - 300 K: Vol. III/15C 2.1, p.9III/15c
 Thermal conductivity above 50 K: Tb - Zr: Vol. III/15C 2.2, p.56III/15c
 Thermal conductivity at low temperatures: Sc - Zr: Vol. III/15C 2.3, p.100III/15c
 Phonon dispersion, frequency spectra, and related properties: Data: Ta - Tm: Tl: Vol. III/13A 1.2, p.154III/13a
 Band structures and Fermi surfaces: Data: Tl - Zr: Tl: Vol. III/13C 5.3, p.361III/13c
 Superconducting Properties: Tl (Thallium): Vol. III/21e 1, p.1III/21e

Thermodynamic Properties

 Elements and inorganic compounds: NH4Cl - ZnTe: Vol. IV/4 3.2.1:338, p.119IV/4
 Thermodynamic Properties of Elements, Ti to Zr2: Vol. IV/19a1 p.126IV/19A1
 Diagrams of Gibbs Energies and Heat Capacities · SGTE Data for Pure Elements: Vol. IV/19b1 p.29IV/19B1

NIMS Citations:

 Element PropertiesCALDB

References

II/5
Short: II/5
Title: Molecular Acoustics
Author: Schaaffs, W.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/5
Year: 1967
ISBN: 3-540-03897-3
ISBN: 978-3-540-03897-9
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19950
RefComment: 321 figs., XII, 286 pages, Hardcover
III/13a
Short: III/13a
Title: Metals: Phonon States, Electron States and Fermi Surfaces: Phonon States of Elements. Electron States and Fermi Surfaces of Alloys
Author: Dederichs, P.H.; Schober, H.; Sellmyer, D.J.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Olsen, J.L.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/13a
Year: 1981
ISBN: 3-540-09774-0
ISBN: 978-3-540-09774-7
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19988
RefComment: 904 figs., X, 458 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume III/13 covers data on phonon and electron states and Fermi surfaces of metals. Both experimental and theoretical results published up to 1980 are included. Metallic elements and compounds, disordered alloys as well as homogeneously strained metallic elements are con-sidered. An appendix presents a compilation of all Bravias lattices, primitive unit cells, reciprocal lattices, and first Brillouin zones.
III/13c
Short: III/13c
Title: Metals: Phonon States, Electron States and Fermi Surfaces: Electron States and Fermi Surfaces of Elements
Author: Cracknell, A.P.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Olsen, J.L.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/13c
Year: 1984
ISBN: 3-540-11523-4
ISBN: 978-3-540-11523-6
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19990
RefComment: 896 figs., VIII, 462 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume III/13 covers data on phonon and electron states and Fermi surfaces of metals. Both experimental and theoretical results published up to 1980 are included. Metallic elements and compounds, disordered alloys as well as homogeneously strained metallic elements are con-sidered. An appendix presents a compilation of all Bravias lattices, primitive unit cells, reciprocal lattices, and first Brillouin zones.
III/14a
Short: III/14a
Title: Structure Data of Elements and Intermetallic Phases: Elements, Borides, Carbides, Hydrides
Author: Eisenmann, B.; Schäfer, H.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/14a
Year: 1988
ISBN: 3-540-17814-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-17814-9
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b31112
RefComment: 265 figs., XXV, 458 pages. Hardcover
III/15a
Short: III/15a
Title: Metals: Electronic Transport Phenomena: Electrical Resistivity, Kondo and Spin Fluctuation Systems, Spin Glasses and Thermopower
Author: Bass, J.; Fischer, K.H.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Olsen, J.L.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/15a
Year: 1982
ISBN: 3-540-11082-8
ISBN: 978-3-540-11082-8
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b29240
RefComment: 875 figs., VIII, 396 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The first two subvolumes of volume III/15 contain data on electrical transport in metals. Both experimental and theoretical results published up to 1981 have been included. In the third subvolume data on thermal - predominantly electronic - transport of pure metals and alloys are presented, the literature up to 1989 has been taken into account.
III/15b
Short: III/15b
Title: Metals: Electronic Transport Phenomena: Electrical Resistivity, Thermoelectrical Power and Optical Properties
Author: Bass, J.; Dugdale, J.S.; Foiles, C.L.; Myers, A.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Olsen, J.L.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/15b
Year: 1985
ISBN: 3-540-11694-X
ISBN: 978-3-540-11694-3
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19992
RefComment: 624 figs., IX, 490 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The first two subvolumes of volume III/15 contain data on electrical transport in metals. Both experimental and theoretical results published up to 1981 have been included. In the third subvolume data on thermal - predominantly electronic - transport of pure metals and alloys are presented, the literature up to 1989 has been taken into account.
III/15c
Short: III/15c
Title: Metals: Electronic Transport Phenomena: Thermal Conductivity of Pure Metals and Alloys
Author: Klemens, P.G.; Neuer, G.; Sundqvist, B.; Uher, C.; White, G.K.
Editor: Madelung, O.; White, G.K.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/15c
Year: 1991
ISBN: 3-540-53512-8
ISBN: 978-3-540-53512-6
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b91373
RefComment: 390 figs., XV, 460 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The first two subvolumes of volume III/15 contain data on electrical transport in metals. Both experimental and theoretical results published up to 1981 have been included. In the third subvolume data on thermal - predominantly electronic - transport of pure metals and alloys are presented, the literature up to 1989 has been taken into account.
III/21e
Short: III/21e
Title: Superconductors: Transition Temperatures and Characterization of Elements, Alloys and Compounds: Tl ... Zr
Author: Flükinger, R.; Hulliger, F.; Luo, H.L.; Wolf, T.; Xu, J.Q.
Editor: Flükiger, R.; Klose, W.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/21e
Year: 2002
Keyword: Landolt-Börnstein; Quantum Fluids; Superconductivity; Superfluidity
ISBN: 3-540-56049-1
ISBN: 978-3-540-56049-4
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b47748
RefComment: XXXI, 443 pages, with CD-ROM, Hardcover
RefComment: Written for scientists and researchers in the fields of chemistry and physics
Abstract: In volume III/21 a compilation is given of all reported experimental data on superconducting materials from the discovery of this phenomenon. The presented data include not only the superconducting properties related to a given material, but also the full metallurgical and crystallographical characterization. In addition to other low temperature physical properties, which are explicitly given in a particular column are presented. The substances are arranged alphabetically by the base element, i.e. that element with the highest concentration in an alloy or compound. Only original and critically reviewed experimental data are retained.
III/25
Short: III/25
Title: Atomic Defects in Metals
Author: Ehrhart, P.; Jung, P.; Schultz, H.; Ullmaier, H.
Editor: Ullmaier, H.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/25
Year: 1991
ISBN: 3-540-51435-X
ISBN: 978-3-540-51435-0
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b37800
RefComment: 509 figs., XIII,437 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The presence and the interaction of atomic or point defects in metals and alloys are of great importance for their macroscopic behaviour under irradiation. Volume III/25 is the first critical and comprehensive data collection in the field described above. It includes a chapter on He as an important alloying element, produced under most relevant irradiation conditions.
III/26
Short: III/26
Title: Diffusion In Solids Metals and Alloys
Author: Bakker, H.; Bonzel, H.P.; Bruff, C.M.; Dayananda, M.A.; Gust, W.; Horváth, J.; Kaur, I.; Kidson, G.V.; LeClaire, A.D.; Mehrer, H.; Murch, G.E.; Neumann, G.; Stolica, N.; Stolwijk, N.A.
Editor: Mehrer, H.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/26
Year: 1990
ISBN: 3-540-50886-4
ISBN: 978-3-540-50886-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b37801
RefComment: 650 figs., XIV, 747 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume III/26 presents a comprehensive and critically evaluated collection of diffusion data for solid metals and alloys. The following properties are covered: Self- and impurity diffusion in metallic elements, self-diffusion in homogeneous binary alloys, chemical diffusion in binary and ternary alloys, diffusion in amorphous alloys, diffusion of interstitial foreign atoms in metallic elements, mass and pressure dependence of diffusion, diffusion along dislocations, grain and interphase boundary diffusion and diffusion on surfaces.
III/29a
Short: III/29a
Title: Low Frequency Properties of Dielectric Crystals: Second and Higher Order Elastic Constants
Author: Every, A.G.; McCurdy, A.K.
Editor: Nelson, D.F.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/29a
Year: 1992
ISBN: 3-540-54410-0
ISBN: 978-3-540-54410-4
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44185
RefComment: 890 figs., XIV, 743 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Some years after the publication of Vol. III/11 and its supplement III/18 dealing with elastic, piezoelectric, pyroelectric and optical properties of crystals, a complete recompilation of the data of these volumes and of new data was performed. Because of the growth of this subject matter it was found convenient to divide the material into four volumes, III/29a and b for the low frequency properties and III/30a and b for high frequency propertiesof dielectric crystals. The first subvolume III/29a contains exclusively second and higher order elastic constants including temperature and pressure coefficients.
IV/19A1
Short: IV/19A1
Title: Thermodynamic Properties of Inorganic Materials: Pure Substances. Part 1: Elements and Compounds from AgBr to Ba3N2
Author: Scientific Group Thermodata Europe
Editor: Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Hüttenkunde, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/19A1
Year: 1999
Keyword: Heat Capacities; Enthalpies; Entropies; Gibbs Energies; Phase Transition Data
ISBN: 3-540-64734-1
ISBN: 978-3-540-64734-8
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b68802
RefComment: LVII, 405 pages, with CD-ROM, Hardcover
IV/19B1
Short: IV/19B1
Title: Thermodynamic Properties of Inorganic Materials: Binary Systems. Part 1: Elements and Binary Systems from Ag-Al to Au-Tl
Author: Scientific Group Thermodata Europe
Editor: Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Hüttenkunde, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/19B1
Year: 2002
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b68942
IV/4
Short: IV/4
Title: High-Pressure Properties of Matter
Author: Beggerow, G.
Editor: Schäfer, Kl.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/4
Year: 1980
ISBN: 3-540-09370-2
ISBN: 978-3-540-09370-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b90280
RefComment: 589 figs., VIII, 427 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The main topics are pressure dependences of phase equilibria, compressibility, thermal and caloric properties, transport phenomena, static and magnetic properties, optical phenomena, kinetic phenomena, and systems in the neighbourhood and above the critical area.
IV/9A
Short: IV/9A
Title: Electrochemistry, Subvolume A: Electrochemical Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Author: Holze, Rudolf
Editor: Lechner, Manfred Dieter
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/9A
Year: 2007
Keyword: cell voltage; concentration; electrode; electrode potential; electrode reaction; electrolyte system; exchange current density; free enthalpy of adsorption
ISBN: 978-3-540-41038-6 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-540-45316-1 (Online)
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-45316-1
RefComment: XIV, 427 p., Hardcover
RefComment: Written for: Scientists and researchers in the fields of physics and chemistry
Abstract: This ninth volume in Group IV of the renowned Landolt-Börnstein series considers and describes the electrochemical processes at the boundaries of electrodes and electrolytes. The book first presents a thorough overview of the field of electrochemistry, to impart a precise understanding of the involved systems, and secondly collects all relevant data of electrochemical systems as reported up to the present time. Phenomena and data are reported and considered from the constitutive viewpoints of electrochemistry, which also form the five chapters of Subvolume A: electrode potentials - cell voltages - electrode potentials of zero charge - free enthalpy of adsorption - exchange current densities. Each chapter opens with an introduction to its particular subject, and then presents the data in concise tables, arranged, as far as possible, according to the examined values.
CALDB
Short: CALDB
Title: Electronic Structure Database
Author: National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)
Year: 2007
Keyword: FLAPW (Full potential Linear Augmented Plane Wave); STATE (Simulation Tool for Atom TEchnology, a Car-Parrinello type MD) calculations;
Internet Resource: http://caldb.nims.go.jp/
EINECS
Short: EINECS
Title: EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances)
Source: Official Journal of the European Communities
Volume: C 146 A (15.06.1990)
Page: 1
Year: 1990
Publish_Date: 1990/06/15

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