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ammonium chloride (ClH4N)

Compound Descriptions:

Structure Drawing
Formula:ClH4N
Element System:Cl-H-N
Element Names:Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Chlorine
Molecular Weight:53.491 g/mol
Name(s):ammonium chloride
salmiac
salammonite
sal ammoniac
darammon
ammoneric
amchlor
Ammoniumchlorid
ClH4N (ammonium chloride)
NH4Cl
Ammonium chloride ((NH4)Cl)
Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl)
Ammonia, hydrochloride
Salmiaksalz
Ammoniumchlorid rein
CAS-RN:12125-02-9, 15630-61-2, 20548-08-7, 50295-88-0, 55871-05-1, 75944-36-4, 89485-84-7, 89485-85-8, 127634-24-6, 128532-42-3, 152128-19-3, 154383-48-9
EINECS:235-186-4 EINECS
Classification:no charge; 2fragments; ionic

European Regulations

3 matching entries in european regulations: Hazard, GHS, ECHA-pre

Derivatives / Analogues

Derivativeisotope: Ammonium chloride (ND4Cl) 
Derivativebase: ammonia 
Analogueother halogene: ammonium bromide 
Analogueother halogene: Ammoniumfluorid 
Analogueother halogene: ammonium iodide 

Landolt-Börnstein Citations:

Crystallography, Structure and Morphology

 Simple chlorides and their solid solutions: NH4Cl (II): Vol. III/7A I.2.1:2226III/7a

Electrical Properties

 Elastic constants of second order: Table 9. Cubic system. Miscellaneous compounds: Vol. III/29a 1.2.1. p.84III/29a
 Elastic constants of second order: Pressure coefficients Pc: Vol. III/29a 1.2.3. p.283III/29a
 Elastic constants of second order: Figures: Vol. III/29a 1.3. p.405III/29a
 Elastic constants of third and higher order: Tables of third-order stiffnesses: Vol. III/29a 2.2. p.651III/29a
 Elastic constants of third and higher order: The third and higher-order elastic constants: Vol. III/29a 2.4. p.669III/29a
 General data of piezoelectric substances: General data on crystals, ceramics and polymers: Vol. III/29b 3.2. p.30III/29b
 Piezoelectric constants: Tables of piezoelectric constants: Vol. III/29b 3.5.1. p.102III/29b
 Piezoelectric constants: Figures: Vol. III/29b 3.8. p.209III/29b
 Piezooptic, elastooptic, rotooptic coefficients: Cubic system: Classes (-4)3m (T{d}), 432 (O), m3m (O{h}): Vol. III/30a 5.2.2.1. p.19III/30A
 Piezooptic, elastooptic, rotooptic coefficients: Figures: Vol. III/30a 5.2.4. p.88III/30A
 Linear and quadratic electrooptic coefficients: Tables of linear electrooptic coefficients: Vol. III/30a 5.3.2.1. p.172III/30A
 Linear and quadratic electrooptic coefficients: Figures: Vol. III/30a 5.3.7. p.298III/30A
 Nonlinear dielectric susceptibility: Cubic: Vol. III/30b 6.5.1.1. p.38III/30B
 Nonlinear dielectric susceptibility: Data on crystals (alphabetically ordered substance names): Vol. III/30b 6.7. p.72III/30B

Mechanical Properties

 Densities of nonaqueous systems: Nonaqueous systems of two inorganic components: Vol. IV/1a 1.2:5054, p.19 (mix)IV/1a
 Light metals: Rb, Cs, NH4, earth alkali metals, Al - Th: Vol. IV/1a 1.3.2:1849, p.83 (mix)IV/1a
 Densities of nonaqueous systems: Nonaqueous systems of three or more components: Vol. IV/1a 1.5:5160, p.550 (mix)IV/1a
 Ternary systems: inorganic components A, B, and water: AgBr - J2: Vol. IV/1a 2.2.1:122, p.661 (mix)IV/1a
 Ternary systems: inorganic components A, B, and water: KBr - ZnO: Vol. IV/1a 2.2.1:393, p.667 (mix)IV/1a
 Ternary systems: inorganic components A, B, and water: AgBr - J2: Vol. IV/1a 2.2.1:84, p.660 (mix)IV/1a
 Inorganic-inorganic systems containing water: Polynary systems: inorganic components A, B, C, ..., water: Vol. IV/1a 2.2.2:771, p.677 (mix)IV/1a
 Inorganic-organic systems containing water: Ternary and polynary systems: inorganic components A, organic components B, and water: Vol. IV/1a 2.3.1:327, p.697 (mix)IV/1a
 Inorganic substances - water: N2H5Cl - NaJO4: Vol. IV/1b 1.2:251, p.73 (mix)IV/1b
 Inorganic substances - water: LiOH - N2H6Cl2: Vol. IV/1b 2.2.1:865, p.273 (mix)IV/1b
 Diffusion of Gas in Electrolyte Solution - Diffusion of carbon dioxide (1); water (2); ammonium chloride (3): Vol. IV/15A 6.1.2:1761 (mix)IV/15A

Thermodynamic Properties

 Elements and inorganic compounds: NH4Br - Pr: Vol. IV/4 2.2.1:85, p.34IV/4
 Elements and inorganic compounds: NH4Cl - ZnTe: Vol. IV/4 3.2.1:298, p.109IV/4
 Elements and inorganic compounds: D2O - Zn: Vol. IV/4 5.2.1:633, p.203IV/4
 Binary systems: Inorganic compounds - water: Vol. IV/4 5.2.3.1:742, p.237 (mix)IV/4
 Elements and inorganic compounds: K2PtCl4 - ZnTe: Vol. IV/4 7.2.1:1055, p.298IV/4
 Thermodynamic Properties of Compounds, SiClF to PuClO: Vol. IV/19a2 p.334IV/19A2
 Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Vol. IV/20c 2.1:2IV/20C

References

III/29a
Short: III/29a
Title: Low Frequency Properties of Dielectric Crystals: Second and Higher Order Elastic Constants
Author: Every, A.G.; McCurdy, A.K.
Editor: Nelson, D.F.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/29a
Year: 1992
ISBN: 3-540-54410-0
ISBN: 978-3-540-54410-4
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44185
RefComment: 890 figs., XIV, 743 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Some years after the publication of Vol. III/11 and its supplement III/18 dealing with elastic, piezoelectric, pyroelectric and optical properties of crystals, a complete recompilation of the data of these volumes and of new data was performed. Because of the growth of this subject matter it was found convenient to divide the material into four volumes, III/29a and b for the low frequency properties and III/30a and b for high frequency propertiesof dielectric crystals. The first subvolume III/29a contains exclusively second and higher order elastic constants including temperature and pressure coefficients.
III/29b
Short: III/29b
Title: Low Frequency Properties of Dielectric Crystals: Piezoelectric, Pyroelectric, and Related Constants
Author: Bhalla, A.S.; Cook, W.R.; Liu, S.T.
Editor: Nelson, D.F.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/29b
Year: 1993
ISBN: 3-540-55065-8
ISBN: 978-3-540-55065-5
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44419
RefComment: 446 figs., XI, 543 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Some years after the publication of Vol. III/11 and its supplement III/18 dealing with elastic, piezoelectric, pyroelectric and optical properties of crystals, a complete recompilation of the data of these volumes and of new data was performed. Because of the growth of this subject matter it was found convenient to divide the material into four volumes, III/29a and b for the low frequency properties and III/30a and b for high frequency propertiesof dielectric crystals. The present second subvolume III/29b essentially contains relative dielectric constants and piezoelectric constants and their temperature coefficients, as well as electrostrictive and pyroelectric coefficients and electromechanical coupling factors of dielectric crystals.
III/30A
Short: III/30A
Title: High Frequency Properties of Dielectric Crystals: Piezooptic and Electrooptic Constants
Author: Cook, W.R.; Nelson, D.F.; Vedam, K.
Editor: Nelson, D.F.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/30A
Year: 1996
Keyword: Dielectric Crystals; High Frequency Properties; Piezooptic and Electrooptic
ISBN: 3-540-54412-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-54412-8
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44186
RefComment: 411 figs., XII, 497 pages, Hardcover
Abstract: While vols. III/29 A, B (published in 1992 and 1993, respectively) contain the low frequency properties of dielectric crystals, in vol. III/30 the high frequency or optical properties are compiled. The present and first subvolume 30 A contains piezooptic and elastooptic constants, linear and quadratic electrooptic constants and their temperature coefficients, and relevant refractive indices. Subvolume 30 B will cover second and third order nonlinear optical susceptibilities. For the reader's convenience an alphabetical formula index and an alphabetical index of chemical, mineralogical and technical names for all substances of volumes 29 A, B and 30 A are included.
III/30B
Short: III/30B
Title: High Frequency Properties of Dielectric Crystals: Nonlinear Dielectric Susceptibilities
Author: Gurzadyan, G.G.; Charra, F.
Editor: Nelson, D.F.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/30B
Year: 2000
Keyword: Dielectric Crystals; High Frequency Properties; Nonlinear Dielectric Susceptibilities
ISBN: 3-540-65567-0
ISBN: 978-3-540-65567-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b52841
RefComment: 172 figs., VIII, 485 pages, with CD-ROM, Hardcover
Abstract: While vols. III/29 A, B (published in 1992 and 1993, respectively) contains the low frequency properties of dielectric crystals, in vol. III/30 the high frequency or optical properties are compiled. While the first subvolume 30 A contains piezooptic and elastooptic constants, linear and quadratic electrooptic constants and their temperature coefficients, and relevant refractive indices, the present subvolume 30 B covers second and third order nonlinear optical susceptibilities. For the reader's convenience an alphabetical formula index and an alphabetical index of chemical, mineralogical and technical names for all substances of volumes 29 A, B and 30 A, B are included.
III/7a
Short: III/7a
Title: Crystal Structure Data of Inorganic Compounds: Key Elements: F, Cl , Br, I ( VII th Main Group) . Halides and Complex Halides
Author: Pies, W.; Weiss, A.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/7a
Page: 1-647
Year: 1973
ISBN: 3-540-06166-5
ISBN: 978-3-540-06166-3
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19972
RefComment: 1 fig., XXXII, Hardcover
Abstract: Volume III/7 contains structure data on those compounds which contain at least one of the elements F, Cl, Br, I, O, N, and P and cannot be called "organic". The structure data of the remaining inorganic compounds and the elements are dealt with in volumes III/6 and III/14, while the organic compounds are treated in volumes III/5 and III/10. The systematic arrange-ment is based on the anions ordered according to "key elements", since this system allows the arrangement of the crystal structure data in such a way that both chemical and crystallographical relationships can be recognized. Structure data are compiled as completely as possible for all inorganic substances, where crystal structures have been examined by means of X-ray, neutron, and electron diffraction,and for which at least the lattice constants have been determined.
IV/15A
Short: IV/15A
Title: Diffusion in Gases, Liquids and Electrolytes: Gases in Gases, Liquids and their Mixtures
Author: Winkelmann, J
Editor: Lechner, Manfred Dieter
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/15A
Year: 2007
Keyword: binary mixture; diffusion; electrolyte; gas; liquid; quaternary mixture; self-diffusion; supercritical fluid system; ternary mixture; vapor
ISBN: 978-3-540-62429-5 (print)
ISBN: 978-3-540-49718-9 (online)
Internet Resource: doi:10.1007/978-3-540-49718-9
RefComment: VIII, 409 p., Hardcover
RefComment: Written for: Science and engineers in the fields of physics, chemistry, physical chemistry, and material sciences
Abstract: Diffusion – defined as mass, amount, or particle transport process – is the most essential transport property besides viscosity and thermal conductivity. Diffusion is widely used in nature, technical and scientific applications, ranging from diffusion in all kinds of gases, liquids, solids, electrolytes and their mixtures. Due to the large amount of data, the volume LB IV/15 "Diffusion in Gases, Liquids, and Electrolytes" is divided into three subvolumes. Part A: Gases in Gases, Liquids and their Mixtures; Part B: Liquids in Liquids and Liquid Mixtures; Part C: Ions and Electrolytes in Liquids, Electrolytes and Molten Salts. The presented subvolume A includes the main chapters Measurement Methods, Diffusion in Pure Gases, Diffusion in Gaseous Mixtures, Diffusion of Gas/Vapor in Gases or Liquids and Diffusion of Gases in Solution. Due to the very different and widespread measurement methods, a precise description of these methods is given.
IV/19A2
Short: IV/19A2
Title: Thermodynamic Properties of Inorganic Materials: Pure Substances. Part 2: Compounds from BeBr to ZrCl2
Author: Scientific Group Thermodata Europe
Editor: Lehrstuhl für Theoretische Hüttenkunde, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/19A2
Year: 1999
Keyword: Heat Capacities; Enthalpies; Entropies; Gibbs Energies; Phase Transition Data
ISBN: 3-540-65344-9
ISBN: 978-3-540-65344-8
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b72359
RefComment: LVII, 415 pages, with CD-ROM, Hardcover
IV/1a
Short: IV/1a
Title: Densities of Liquid Systems: Nonaqueous Systems and Ternary Aqueous Systems
Author: Lacmann, R.; Synowietz, C.
Editor: Schäfer, Kl.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/1a
Year: 1974
ISBN: 3-540-06269-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-06269-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b20003
RefComment: X, 716 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume IV/1 contains information on the densities of liquid systems. It may be considered as a supplement to volume II/1 of the 6th Edition, which contains only a few data on nonaqueous systems. Data are not listed for all systems but primarily for those of greater interest where data for a larger range of concentrations were available.
IV/1b
Short: IV/1b
Title: Densities of Liquid Systems: Densities of Binary Aqueous Systems and Heat Capacities of Liquid Systems
Author: D'Ans, J.; Surawski, H.; Synowietz, C.
Editor: Schäfer, Kl.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/1b
Year: 1977
ISBN: 3-540-08272-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-08272-9
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b20004
RefComment: 62 figs., VII, 335 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume IV/1 contains information on the densities of liquid systems. It may be considered as a supplement to volume II/1 of the 6th Edition, which contains only a few data on nonaqueous systems. Data are not listed for all systems but primarily for those of greater interest where data for a larger range of concentrations were available.
IV/20C
Short: IV/20C
Title: Vapor Pressure and Antoine Coefficients for Nitrogen Containing Organic Compounds
Author: Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.; Hall, K.R.
Editor: Hall, K.R.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/20C
Year: 2001
Keyword: organic compounds; vapor pressure
ISBN: 3-540-41060-0
ISBN: 978-3-540-41060-7
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b88812
RefComment: VII, 197 pages
IV/4
Short: IV/4
Title: High-Pressure Properties of Matter
Author: Beggerow, G.
Editor: Schäfer, Kl.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/4
Year: 1980
ISBN: 3-540-09370-2
ISBN: 978-3-540-09370-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b90280
RefComment: 589 figs., VIII, 427 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The main topics are pressure dependences of phase equilibria, compressibility, thermal and caloric properties, transport phenomena, static and magnetic properties, optical phenomena, kinetic phenomena, and systems in the neighbourhood and above the critical area.
EINECS
Short: EINECS
Title: EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances)
Source: Official Journal of the European Communities
Volume: C 146 A (15.06.1990)
Page: 1
Year: 1990
Publish_Date: 1990/06/15

  File created on 2009/18/08 by LCI Publisher GmbH (Gaja Peters, Inga Thede, Volkmar Vill, Ron Zenczykowski)
  © 2009   Landolt Börnstein,   Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


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