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g-butyrolactone (C4H6O2)

Compound Descriptions:

Structure Drawing
Formula:C4H6O2
Molecular Weight:86.089 g/mol
Name(s):g-butyrolactone
γ-butyrolactone
γ-butalactone
dihydro-furan-2-one
tetrahydro-2-furanone
oxolan-2-one
dihydro-2(3H)-furanone
butyric acid lactone
butanoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, γ-lactone
4-hydroxybutyric acid lactone
4-hydroxybutanoic acid lactone
4-deoxytetronic acid
4-butanolyde
4-butanolide
4,5-dihydro-2(3H)-furanone
2-oxotetrahydrofuran
2-oxolanone
2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2-furanone
2(3H)-furanone, dihydro-
1-oxacyclopentan-2-one
1,4-butanolide
4-Hydroxybuttersäurelacton
4-Hydroxybutyric acid γ-lactone
γ-BL
γ-Butyryllactone
γ-Hydroxybutyric acid lactone
NIH 10540
Paint Clean G
γ butyrolactone
tetrahydrofuran-2-one
4-Butyrolactone
α-Butyrolactone
γ-Hydroxybutyric acid cyclic ester
γ-Hydroxybutyrolactone
Butyric acid, 4-hydroxy-, γ-lactone
Butyryl lactone
Butyrylactone
BLO
BLON
Dihydro-2-furanone
NCI-C55878
1,2-Butanolide
4-Hydroxybutanoic acid, γ-lactone
4-Hydroxybutyric acid, γ-lactone
χ-Butyrolactone
4-Hydroxybuttersäure-γ-lacton
cis-5-Norbornene-endo-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride
4-Hydroxybuttersäure-Y-lacton
Dihydro-2(3H)furanon
Y-Butyrolacton
Gamma-butyrolactone
γ-Butyrolacton wasserfrei
Butyro-1,4-lacton
4-Hydroxybutansäurelacton
1,4-Epoxybutan-1-on
2-Oxooxolen
Dihydro-2-(3H)- furanon
c-butyrolactone
CAS-RN:96-48-0, 187997-16-6
EINECS:202-509-5 EINECS
Classification:no charge; oxygen heterocycle; alicycle; 5ring; ester; lactone; 1fragment

European Regulations

1 matching entries in european regulations: ECHA-pre

Derivatives / Analogues

Analogueother chalcogen: dihydro-2(3H)-thiophenone 
Analogueother chalcogen: Dihydro-furan-2-thione 

Landolt-Börnstein Citations:

Acoustical and Optical Properties

 Optical Constants: Refractive Indices: Vol. III/38b 2.1:1737III/38B
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of g-butyrolactone: Vol. III/47 2.8:170III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) butan-1-ol: Vol. III/47 3.3:1329 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) benzene: Vol. III/47 3.3:1336 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) toluene: Vol. III/47 3.3:1338 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) 1,2-dimethylbenzene: Vol. III/47 3.3:1339 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) 1,3-dimethylbenzene: Vol. III/47 3.3:1341 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) 1,4-dimethylbenzene: Vol. III/47 3.3:1343 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) ethylbenzene: Vol. III/47 3.3:1345 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) octan-1-ol: Vol. III/47 3.3:1347 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) methanol; (2) g-butyrolactone: Vol. III/47 3.3:728 (mix)III/47
 Optical Constants - Refractive index of the mixture (1) ethanol; (2) g-butyrolactone: Vol. III/47 3.3:929 (mix)III/47

Electrical Properties

 Static Dielectric Constants of Pure Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/6 2.1.3:326IV/6
 Dielectric constant of g-butyrolactone: Vol. IV/17 2.1.3.5, p.222IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) dimethyl carbonate; (2) g-butyrolactone: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1069 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) butan-1-ol: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1247 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) benzene: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1250 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) toluene: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1252 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) 1,2-dimethylbenzene: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1253 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) 1,3-dimethylbenzene: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1255 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) 1,4-dimethylbenzene: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1257 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) ethylbenzene: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1259 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) g-butyrolactone; (2) octan-1-ol: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.1260 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) methanol; (2) g-butyrolactone: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.751 (mix)IV/17
 Dielectric constant of the mixture (1) ethanol; (2) g-butyrolactone: Vol. IV/17 3.1.4, p.933 (mix)IV/17

Mechanical Properties

 C-H-O compounds: C4 (part 2): Vol. IV/1a 1.4.3:2113, p.269 (mix)IV/1a
 C-H-N compounds: C: Vol. IV/1a 1.4.7:2112, p.408 (mix)IV/1a
 Surface Tension of Pure Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/16 2.1.7:624IV/16
 Surface Tension of Pure Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/16 3.1.3:76 (mix)IV/16
 Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/18a 3.1.2:189 (mix)IV/18A
 Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/18a 3.1.3:1362 (mix)IV/18A
 Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/18a 3.1.3:1507 (mix)IV/18A
 Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/18b 2.1:1303IV/18B

Spectroscopic Methods

 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Data - 17O: Vol. III/35e 2.2.1:130III/35E

Structure and Molecular Constants

 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/14a 2.5.2:513II/14a
 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/14a 2.6.3.2:247II/14a
 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/24b 2.5.2:362II/24B

Thermodynamic Properties

 Heats of Mixing and Solution: Vol. IV/10a 1111:4 (mix)IV/10A
 Heats of Mixing and Solution: Vol. IV/10a 1111:5 (mix)IV/10A
 Heats of Mixing and Solution: Vol. IV/10a 1111:6 (mix)IV/10A
 Heats of Mixing and Solution: Vol. IV/10a 1111:7 (mix)IV/10A
 Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds and Their Mixtures: Vol. IV/8a 3.5.2, p.78IV/8A
 Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Vol. IV/20b 2.2:507IV/20B
 Lactones + Benzene: Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium - Oxolan-2-one C4H6O2 + C6H6 Benzene: Vol. IV/13A1 1476 (mix)IV/13A1

References

II/14a
Short: II/14a
Title: Molecular Constants: Diamagnetic Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Dubrulle, A.; Hüttner, W.; Tiemann, E.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/14a
Page: 1-788
Year: 1982
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-11365-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-11365-2
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19966
RefComment: 196 figs., XI
II/24B
Short: II/24B
Title: Molecular Constants mostly from Microwave, Molecular Beam, and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Rotational, Centrifugal Distortion and Related Constants of Diamagnetic Asymmetric Top Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Vogt, J.; Wlodarczak, G.
Editor: Hüttner, W.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/24B
Year: 2000
Keyword: Diamagnetics Diatomics; Linear Symmetric Rotors; Molecular Constants; Molecules
ISBN: 3-540-65345-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-65345-5
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b58835
RefComment: VIII, 525 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume II/24 presents the spectroscopic data on diamagnetic and paramagnetic molecules as well as on molecular ions and radicals up to date considering the publications up to and partly including 1997. The spectroscopic information collected in this volume has been obtained principally from gas phase microwave measurements. Volume II/24 is a supplement to volumes II/4, II/6, II/14, and II/19 and is planned to appear in five subvolumes, the last of which will contain the substance index taking into account all molecules worked at since 1967 in the volumes mentioned and will provide cross references to and between all tables of these. The present subvolume II/24B contains an introduction and tables of rotational and centrifugal distortion constants of asymmetric-top molecules, i.e. data which roughly specifies the frequencies of the rotational transitions of these types of rotors.
III/35E
Short: III/35E
Title: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Data: Chemical Shifts for Oxygen-17
Author: Duddeck, H.; Toth, G.; Simon, A.
Editor: Gupta, R.R.; Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/35E
Year: 2002
Keyword: Alipathic and Aromatic hydrocarbons; Coupling constant j; Nuclear Magnetic Resonance; chemical shifts δ
ISBN: 3-540-42501-2
ISBN: 978-3-540-42501-4
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b92953
RefComment: VII, 230 pages. With CD-ROM., Hardcover
Abstract: This volume provides a comprehensive and evaluated compilation of nuclear magnetic resonance data. Chemical shifts and coupling constants of boron-11 and phosphorus-31 (subvol. A), fluorine-19 and nitrogen-15 (subvol. B), hydrogen-1 (subvol. C), carbon-13 (subvol. D), and oxygen-17 (subvol. E) compounds are tabulated together with the gross- and structure formulas and the most readily available solvents. Due to the large amount of the data merely chemical shifts are presented in the printed versions, and all the data, chemical shifts and coupling constants are provided on CD-ROM's.
III/38B
Short: III/38B
Title: Refractive Indices of Organic Liquids
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.; Wohlfarth, B.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/38B
Year: 1996
Keyword: organic compounds; refractive index; liquids
ISBN: 3-540-60596-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-60596-6
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b85533
RefComment: VII, 4210 pages, Hardcover
Abstract: Volume III/38 Optical Constants provides critically evaluated data on refractive indices of inorganic and organic liquids and their wavelength dependence (dispension). Part A contains the inorganic, organometallic, and organononmetallic liquids, and the binary liquid mixtures (about 900 pure substances and their mixtures). Part B contains data of more than 7600 organic liquids.
III/47
Short: III/47
Title: Optical Constants: Refractive Indices of Pure Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/47
Year: 2008
Keyword: binary liquid mixtures; inorganic liquid; optical constant; organic liquid; organoarsenic liquid; organoboron liquid; organometallic liquid; organophosphorus liquid; organosilicon liquid; organovanadic liquid; pure liquids; refractive index
ISBN: 978-3-540-75289-9 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-540-75291-2 (Online)
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-75291-2
RefComment: VII, 298 p., Hardcover
RefComment: Written for scientists and engineers in the fields of physics, chemistry, and physical chemistry
Abstract: This Landolt-Börnstein volume III/47 is a supplement to the volumes III/38 A/B "Optical Constants" and provides refractive index data published in the years 1995-2006. Included in this volume are refractive indices of inorganic, organometallic, organononmetallic, and organic liquids as well as their binary liquid mixtures at different wavelengths, temperatures, and pressures. Not all published data could be included in the printed version, but the electronic version contains all available data and references.
IV/10A
Short: IV/10A
Title: Heats of Mixing and Solution: Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes
Author: Grolier, J.-P.E.; Wormald, C.J.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H.V.
Editor: Kehiaian; H.V.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/10A
Year: 2004
Keyword: Nitrogen Containing; Organic Compounds; Pressure; Vapor; Vapor Pressure
ISBN: 3-540-60347-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-60347-4
Internet Resource: DOI: 10.1007/b56530
RefComment: IX, 564 p. 816 illus., Hardcover
RefComment: Written for scientists and engineers in the field of physical chemistry, organic chemistry, applied chemistry
Abstract: This subvolume containes selected data on heats of mixing (excess enthalpies) of binary liquid mixtures of organic and inorganic nonelectrolytes, including aqueous-organic systems, in broad ranges of temperature, pressure, and composition. All the data are extracted from the original literature published from 1957 to 2003. The printed volume presents tables for 800 representative mixtures. The CD-ROM displays all these data, as well as 2853 additional data files, in PDF format and in a fully documented computer readable standard electronic file (SELF) format. Moreover, the ELBT-program allows the fast search of data according to property type, chemical system (substances and mixtures), author(s), source and year of publication. Moreover it allows the correlation of the numerical data with several equations and the display of the original data and of the correlated data in tabular and graphical form.
IV/13A1
Short: IV/13A1
Title: Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium in Mixtures and Solutions. Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes. Part 1
Author: Wichterle, I.; Linek, J.; Wagner, Z.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.
Editor: Kehiaian, H.V.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/13A1
Year: 2007
Keyword: Activity coefficients; Excess Gibbs energy; Mixtures; Nonelectrolytes; Solutions; Vapor-liquid equilibria
ISBN: 978-3-540-49314-3 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-540-49315-0 (Online)
Internet Resource: doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-49315-0
RefComment: X, 571 p. 820 illus. With CD-ROM., Hardcover
RefComment: Written for: Scientists and engineers in the field of physical chemistry, organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, applied chemistry
Abstract: This volume is a compilation of vapor–liquid equilibrium data on subcritical binary single-phase or two-phase liquid–liquid systems. All the components are well-defined pure substances, which are organic or inorganic nonelectrolytes, including low-melting ionic liquids and water. The present database contains numerical data for 3316 systems. The book reproduces in tables and graphs the numerical values for only 802 binary mixtures, chosen to be representative of all the compound classes and property types. The full set of data is given on the CD–ROM accompanying the book. Most data files contain experimental data compiled from the original literature published from 1929 to mid 2006. The CD-ROM displays all these data in PDF format and in fully documented computer readable standard electronic files (SELF and ELDATA). The ELBT-program allows the fast search of data according to property type, chemical system, author(s), source and year of publication. It also includes the bibliographical database of ELDATA, EVLM’2006, giving 13471 references from 1888 through mid 2006 to experimental vapor–liquid equilibrium in mixtures and solution.
IV/16
Short: IV/16
Title: Surface tension of pure liquids and binary mixtures
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.; Wohlfarth, B.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/16
Year: 1997
Keyword: organic compounds; surface tension; liquids; mixtures
ISBN: 3-540-63276-X
ISBN: 978-3-540-63276-4
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b60566
RefComment: VII, 439 pages.
IV/17
Short: IV/17
Title: Static Dielectric Constants of Pure Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/17
Year: 2008
Keyword: binary liquid mixtures; inorganic liquid; organic liquid; organoboron liquid; organometallic liquid; organophosphorus liquid; organosilicon liquid; pure liquids; static dielectric constant
ISBN: 978-3-540-75505-0 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-540-75506-7 (Online)
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-75506-7
RefComment: VII, 203 p., Hardcover
RefComment: Written for scientists and engineers in the fields of physics, chemistry and physical chemistry
Abstract: This Landolt-Börnstein volume IV/17 is a supplement to the volume IV/6 "Static Dielectric Constants of Pure Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures" and provides dielectric constant data published in the years 1991-2006. Included in this volume are static dielectric constants of pure liquids and binary liquid mixtures at different temperatures and saturation vapor pressures including liquid elements, inorganic liquids, organic liquids and their mixtures. Not all published data could be included in the printed version, but the electronic version contains all available data and references.
IV/18A
Short: IV/18A
Title: Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Pure Organometallic and Organononmetallic Liquids, Binary Liquid Mixtures
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.; Wohlfarth, B.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/18A
Year: 2001
Keyword: organic compounds; viscosity; liquids; mixtures
ISBN: 3-540-64584-5
ISBN: 978-3-540-64584-9
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b68239
RefComment: VII, 409 pages.
IV/18B
Short: IV/18B
Title: Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Pure Organic Liquids
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.; Wohlfarth, B.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/18B
Year: 2001
Keyword: organic compounds; viscosity; liquids; mixtures
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b68240
RefComment: VII, 409 pages.
IV/1a
Short: IV/1a
Title: Densities of Liquid Systems: Nonaqueous Systems and Ternary Aqueous Systems
Author: Lacmann, R.; Synowietz, C.
Editor: Schäfer, Kl.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/1a
Year: 1974
ISBN: 3-540-06269-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-06269-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b20003
RefComment: X, 716 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume IV/1 contains information on the densities of liquid systems. It may be considered as a supplement to volume II/1 of the 6th Edition, which contains only a few data on nonaqueous systems. Data are not listed for all systems but primarily for those of greater interest where data for a larger range of concentrations were available.
IV/20B
Short: IV/20B
Title: Vapor Pressure and Antoine Coefficients for Oxygen Containing Organic Compounds
Author: Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.; Hall, K.R.
Editor: Hall, K.R.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/20B
Year: 2000
Keyword: organic compounds; vapor pressure
ISBN: 3-540-64968-9
ISBN: 978-3-540-64968-7
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b71424
RefComment: VII, 320 pages.
IV/6
Short: IV/6
Title: Static Dielectric Constants of Pure Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.
Editor: Madelung, O.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/6
Year: 1991
Keyword: organic compounds; dielectric constant; liquids; mixtures
ISBN: 3-540-54417-8
ISBN: 978-3-540-54417-3
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44266
RefComment: VIII, 521 pages.
IV/8A
Short: IV/8A
Title: Enthalpies of Fusion and Transition of Organic Compounds
Author: Zhang, Z.-Y.; Frenkel, M.; March, K.N.; Wilhoit, R.C.
Editor: Marsh, K.N.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/8A
Year: 1995
Keyword: organic compounds; enthaly of fusion; melting point; phase transition
ISBN: 3-540-58854-X
ISBN: 978-3-540-58854-2
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b55145
RefComment: VIII, 588 pages.
EINECS
Short: EINECS
Title: EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances)
Source: Official Journal of the European Communities
Volume: C 146 A (15.06.1990)
Page: 1
Year: 1990
Publish_Date: 1990/06/15

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