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propanedinitrile (C3H2N2)

Compound Descriptions:

Structure Drawing
Formula:C3H2N2
Molecular Weight:66.061 g/mol
Name(s):propanedinitrile
methylenedinitrile
malononitrile
dicyanomethane
cyanoacetonitrile
Malonsäuredinitril
Malononitrile (form 1)
Malononitrile (form 2)
NCCH2CN
Malonic acid dinitrile
Malonodinitrile
Methane, dicyano-
Methylene cyanide
malonitrile
fumaronitrile
Malono dinitrile
malonic dinitrile
Malondinitril
Usaf a-4600
Dicyanmethan
MDN
Malodinitril
Propandinitril
CAS-RN:109-77-3, 144804-99-9
EINECS:203-703-2 EINECS
LiqCryst (LC):112638 LC
Classification:no charge; 1fragment

European Regulations

3 matching entries in european regulations: Hazard, GHS, ECHA-pre

Landolt-Börnstein Citations:

Acoustical and Optical Properties

 Optical Constants: Refractive Indices: Vol. III/38b 2.1:1214III/38B

Crystallography, Structure and Morphology

 C3 (214 - 310): C3As - C3H6 (214 - 260): Vol. III/10A 2:219, p.38III/10a

Electrical Properties

 Pyroelectric constants: Tables: Vol. III/29b 4.2.5. p.356III/29b

Magnetic Properties

 Magnetic Properties of Coordination and Organometallic Transition Metal Compounds: II/28c 18, p.38II/2

Mechanical Properties

 Surface Tension of Pure Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/16 2.1.7:505IV/16
 Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Vol. IV/18b 2.1:1138IV/18B

Spectroscopic Methods

 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data tables: Nitrogen: C2H6N2O.Cl2Cu - C4H3N3O5: Vol. III/20a 3.2:5-125III/20a
 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data diagrams: G184 - G234: Vol. III/20c 4.2:G198III/20c
 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data tables: Corrections to Tables of Vol. 20: Vol. III/31b 3.2:31-19III/31b

Structure and Molecular Constants

 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/4 2.5:50II/4
 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/4 2.6:121II/4
 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/14a 2.5.2:96II/14a
 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/19b 2.5.2:235II/19b
 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/19c 2.7.4.2:101II/19c
 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/24b 2.5.2:223II/24B
 Molecular Constants Mostly From Microwave, Molecular Beam, Electro Spin Resonance and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. II/24c 2.7.4.2:116, p.156II/24C
 Structure Data of Free Polyatomic Molecules: Vol. II/25c 3:1068II/25C

Thermodynamic Properties

 Organic compounds: CCl2F2 -C9H20: Vol. IV/4 2.2.2:154, p.55IV/4
 Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds and Their Mixtures: Vol. IV/8a 3.5.1, p.54IV/8A
 Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Vol. IV/20c 2.2:288IV/20C

References

II/14a
Short: II/14a
Title: Molecular Constants: Diamagnetic Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Dubrulle, A.; Hüttner, W.; Tiemann, E.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/14a
Page: 1-788
Year: 1982
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-11365-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-11365-2
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19966
RefComment: 196 figs., XI
II/19b
Short: II/19b
Title: Molecular Constants: Rotational, Centrifugal Distortion and Related Constants of Diamagnetic Asymmetric Top Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Hüttner, W.; Vogt, J.; Wlodarczak, G.
Editor: Hüttner, W.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/19b
Year: 1992
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-54578-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-54578-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44334
RefComment: XI, 488 pages.
Abstract: Volume II/19 Molecular Constants mostly from Microwave, Molecular Beam and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy is a supplement to the earlier volumes II/4, II/6, and II/14. The slight change in the title reflects current trends in the applications of spectroscopic methods. Together, the four volumes collect all the critically evaluated data published up to 1989/90 on constants of free molecules obtained by classical and modern spectroscopy. Volume II/19 is divided into four parts to record the growing number of investigations, especially in the microwave and millimeter wave regions, where modern techniques like Fourier Transform Microwave Spectroscopy have made new objects of interest such as molecular complexes and clusters accessible to study. Subvolume II/19b contains corresponding data on diamagnetic asymmetric top molecules.
II/19c
Short: II/19c
Title: Molecular Constants: Dipole Moments, Quadrupole Coupling Constants, Hindered Rotation and Magnetic Constants of Diamagnetic Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Hüttner, W.; Tiemann, E.; Vogt, J.; Wlodarczak, G.
Editor: Hüttner, W.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/19c
Year: 1992
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-54893-9
ISBN: 978-3-540-54893-5
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44435
RefComment: 8 figs., XI, 295 pages.
Abstract: Volume II/19 Molecular Constants mostly from Microwave, Molecular Beam and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy is a supplement to the earlier volumes II/4, II/6, and II/14. The slight change in the title reflects current trends in the applications of spectroscopic methods. Together, the four volumes collect all the critically evaluated data published up to 1989/90 on constants of free molecules obtained by classical and modern spectroscopy. Volume II/19 is divided into four parts to record the growing number of investigations, especially in the microwave and millimeter wave regions, where modern techniques like Fourier Transform Microwave Spectroscopy have made new objects of interest such as molecular complexes and clusters accessible to study. Subvolume II/19c contains tables for diamagnetic molecules giving further spectroscopic parameters: quadrupole coupling constants, potential barriers, and data from Stark and Zeeman effect measurements.
II/2
Short: II/2
Title: Magnetic Properties of Coordination and Organometallic Transition Metal Compounds
Author: König, E.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/2
Year: 1966
ISBN: 3-540-03593-1
ISBN: 978-3-540-03593-0
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19948
RefComment: 170 figs., XII, 578 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The data compiled refer to susceptibility measurements (susceptibility, Curie-constants, magnetic moments, transition temperatures) and ESR-measurements (g-factors and other parameters of the applied spin Hamiltonian). In volume II/2 the literature from 1899 up to 1964 has been considered. Volume II/8 supplements volume II/2, taking into account the data on magnetic susceptibilities and ESR parameters published in the p eriod 1964 to 1968. The following subvolumes II/10,II/11, II/12 supplement data up to 1974.
II/24B
Short: II/24B
Title: Molecular Constants mostly from Microwave, Molecular Beam, and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Rotational, Centrifugal Distortion and Related Constants of Diamagnetic Asymmetric Top Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Vogt, J.; Wlodarczak, G.
Editor: Hüttner, W.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/24B
Year: 2000
Keyword: Diamagnetics Diatomics; Linear Symmetric Rotors; Molecular Constants; Molecules
ISBN: 3-540-65345-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-65345-5
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b58835
RefComment: VIII, 525 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume II/24 presents the spectroscopic data on diamagnetic and paramagnetic molecules as well as on molecular ions and radicals up to date considering the publications up to and partly including 1997. The spectroscopic information collected in this volume has been obtained principally from gas phase microwave measurements. Volume II/24 is a supplement to volumes II/4, II/6, II/14, and II/19 and is planned to appear in five subvolumes, the last of which will contain the substance index taking into account all molecules worked at since 1967 in the volumes mentioned and will provide cross references to and between all tables of these. The present subvolume II/24B contains an introduction and tables of rotational and centrifugal distortion constants of asymmetric-top molecules, i.e. data which roughly specifies the frequencies of the rotational transitions of these types of rotors.
II/24C
Short: II/24C
Title: Molecular Constants mostly from Microwave, Molecular Beam, and Sub-Doppler Laser Spectroscopy: Dipole Moments, Quadrupole Coupling Constants, Hindered Rotation and Magnetic Interaction Constants of Diamagnetic Molecules
Author: Demaison, J.; Hübner, H.; Hüttner, W.; Vogt, J.; Wlodarczak, G.
Editor: Hüttner, W.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/24C
Year: 2002
Keyword: Atoms; Molecules and Cluster; Physical Chemistry; asZeeman effect parameters; electric dipole moments; hindered rotation; line splittings; magnetic-interaction constants; quadrupole coupling constants; rotational constants; rotational transitions
ISBN: 3-540-41037-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-41037-9
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b75954
RefComment: X, 296 pages, with CD-ROM, Hardcover
RefComment: Written for scientists and engineers in the fields of physics, chemistry and physical chemistry
Abstract: Volume II/24 presents the spectroscopic data on diamagnetic and paramagnetic molecules as well as on molecular ions and radicals up to date considering the publications up to and partly including 1997. The spectroscopic information collected in this volume has been obtained principally from gas phase microwave measurements. In addition, gas phase data have been included derived from methods related to microwave spectroscopy by employing a coherent radiation source.
II/25C
Short: II/25C
Title: Structure Data Of Free Polyatomic Molecules: Molecules containing Three or Four Carbon Atoms
Author: Graner, G.; Hirota, E.; Iijima, T.; Kuchitsu, K.; Ramsay, D.A.; Vogt, J.; Vogt, N.
Editor: Kuchitsu, K.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/25C
Year: 2001
Keyword: Free Polyatomic Molecules; Carbon Atoms; Molecules
ISBN: 3-540-66774-1
ISBN: 978-3-540-66774-2
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b71431
RefComment: VIII, 481 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: This volume contains data on the geometric parameters (internuclear distances, bond angles, dihedral angles of internal rotation etc.) of free polyatomic molecules including free radicals and molecular ions. This survey on structure data is made of four subvolume, each containing the geometric parameters determined in the gas phase either by an analysis of the rotational constants (and sometimes the vibrational constants) obtained from microwave, infrared, Raman, electronic and photoelectron spectroscopy or by an analysis of electron diffraction intensities. Most of the structures listed in the tables are for molecules in the electronic ground state, but structures for electronically excited states have also been included as far as they are available. In this third subvolume, the structure of molecules containing three for four carbon atoms are listed.
II/4
Short: II/4
Title: Molecular Constants from Microwave Spectroscopy
Author: Starck, B.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: II/4
Page: 1-225
Year: 1967
Keyword: organic compounds; molecular constants; spectroscopy; microwave spectroscopy
ISBN: 3-540-03896-5
ISBN: 978-3-540-03896-2
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19949
RefComment: 67 figs., X
III/10a
Short: III/10a
Title: Structure Data of Organic Crystals: C ... C 15
Author: Schudt-Weitz, G.; Strell, I.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/10a
Year: 1985
ISBN: 3-540-07834-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-07834-0
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b19984
RefComment: XXII, 634 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The volume includes an alphabetical index of all substances and a separate "ring index" with all cyclic compounds.
III/20a
Short: III/20a
Title: Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data: Nuclei D ... Cl
Author: Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/20a
Year: 1988
Keyword: NQR
ISBN: 3-540-18161-X
ISBN: 978-3-540-18161-3
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b31153
RefComment: IX,677 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy has become a standard method for structural research in molecular and solid state physics as well as for different branches of chemistry. The volumes cover data for more than 8,000 substances in the solid state. Data for free molecules have been published in volumes II/14 and II/15 of the New Series. The tables are arranged according to the atomic number of the elements.
III/20c
Short: III/20c
Title: Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data: Nuclei Zr ... Bi. Diagrams, Structure formulas, Indexes
Author: Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/20c
Year: 1989
Keyword: NQR
ISBN: 3-540-18490-2
ISBN: 978-3-540-18490-4
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b35374
RefComment: 562 figs., IX,802 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy has become a standard method for structural research in molecular and solid state physics as well as for different branches of chemistry. The volumes cover data for more than 8,000 substances in the solid state. Data for free molecules have been published in volumes II/14 and II/15 of the New Series. The tables are arranged according to the atomic number of the elements.
III/29b
Short: III/29b
Title: Low Frequency Properties of Dielectric Crystals: Piezoelectric, Pyroelectric, and Related Constants
Author: Bhalla, A.S.; Cook, W.R.; Liu, S.T.
Editor: Nelson, D.F.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/29b
Year: 1993
ISBN: 3-540-55065-8
ISBN: 978-3-540-55065-5
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b44419
RefComment: 446 figs., XI, 543 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Some years after the publication of Vol. III/11 and its supplement III/18 dealing with elastic, piezoelectric, pyroelectric and optical properties of crystals, a complete recompilation of the data of these volumes and of new data was performed. Because of the growth of this subject matter it was found convenient to divide the material into four volumes, III/29a and b for the low frequency properties and III/30a and b for high frequency propertiesof dielectric crystals. The present second subvolume III/29b essentially contains relative dielectric constants and piezoelectric constants and their temperature coefficients, as well as electrostrictive and pyroelectric coefficients and electromechanical coupling factors of dielectric crystals.
III/31b
Short: III/31b
Title: Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data: Nuclei Zn ... Bi. Diagrams, Indexes
Author: Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.
Editor: Hellwege, K.-H.; Hellwege, A.M.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/31b
Year: 1993
Keyword: NQR
ISBN: 3-540-55147-6
ISBN: 978-3-540-55147-8
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b46097
RefComment: 147 figs., VIII, 347 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: Volume III/31 continues the compilation of nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy data of solid substances which started in with volume III/20 in 1987 covering the literature from the beginning of nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy in 1951 to 1982 and containing the data for 8000 substances in the solid state, distributed among three subvolumes III/20 a, b, and c. Volume III/31 covers the literature published in the period from the end of 1982 through the end of 1989. Included are the data for substances studied for the first time, as well as data for substances already present in the previous volume III/20 if the data published there could be completed or improved by new studies. In total there are 2500 substances in volume III/31, showing the scope and significance of nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy up to recent times.
III/38B
Short: III/38B
Title: Refractive Indices of Organic Liquids
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.; Wohlfarth, B.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: III/38B
Year: 1996
Keyword: organic compounds; refractive index; liquids
ISBN: 3-540-60596-7
ISBN: 978-3-540-60596-6
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b85533
RefComment: VII, 4210 pages, Hardcover
Abstract: Volume III/38 Optical Constants provides critically evaluated data on refractive indices of inorganic and organic liquids and their wavelength dependence (dispension). Part A contains the inorganic, organometallic, and organononmetallic liquids, and the binary liquid mixtures (about 900 pure substances and their mixtures). Part B contains data of more than 7600 organic liquids.
IV/16
Short: IV/16
Title: Surface tension of pure liquids and binary mixtures
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.; Wohlfarth, B.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/16
Year: 1997
Keyword: organic compounds; surface tension; liquids; mixtures
ISBN: 3-540-63276-X
ISBN: 978-3-540-63276-4
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b60566
RefComment: VII, 439 pages.
IV/18B
Short: IV/18B
Title: Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures: Pure Organic Liquids
Author: Wohlfarth, Ch.; Wohlfarth, B.
Editor: Lechner, M.D.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/18B
Year: 2001
Keyword: organic compounds; viscosity; liquids; mixtures
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b68240
RefComment: VII, 409 pages.
IV/20C
Short: IV/20C
Title: Vapor Pressure and Antoine Coefficients for Nitrogen Containing Organic Compounds
Author: Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.; Hall, K.R.
Editor: Hall, K.R.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/20C
Year: 2001
Keyword: organic compounds; vapor pressure
ISBN: 3-540-41060-0
ISBN: 978-3-540-41060-7
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b88812
RefComment: VII, 197 pages
IV/4
Short: IV/4
Title: High-Pressure Properties of Matter
Author: Beggerow, G.
Editor: Schäfer, Kl.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/4
Year: 1980
ISBN: 3-540-09370-2
ISBN: 978-3-540-09370-1
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b90280
RefComment: 589 figs., VIII, 427 pages. Hardcover
Abstract: The main topics are pressure dependences of phase equilibria, compressibility, thermal and caloric properties, transport phenomena, static and magnetic properties, optical phenomena, kinetic phenomena, and systems in the neighbourhood and above the critical area.
IV/8A
Short: IV/8A
Title: Enthalpies of Fusion and Transition of Organic Compounds
Author: Zhang, Z.-Y.; Frenkel, M.; March, K.N.; Wilhoit, R.C.
Editor: Marsh, K.N.
Source: Landolt-Börnstein, New Series
Volume: IV/8A
Year: 1995
Keyword: organic compounds; enthaly of fusion; melting point; phase transition
ISBN: 3-540-58854-X
ISBN: 978-3-540-58854-2
Internet Resource: DOI:10.1007/b55145
RefComment: VIII, 588 pages.
LC
Short: LC
Title: LiqCryst 4.6 - Database of Liquid Crystals
Author: Vill, V.
Year: 2005
Keyword: Flüssigkristalle; LCD; Phasenumwandlung
EINECS
Short: EINECS
Title: EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances)
Source: Official Journal of the European Communities
Volume: C 146 A (15.06.1990)
Page: 1
Year: 1990
Publish_Date: 1990/06/15

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